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Victor Agadjanian

College of Liberal Arts and Sciences - Sociology
Foundation Distinguished Professor
Primary office:
Fraser Hall
Room 722
University of Kansas
1415 Jayhawk Blvd.
Lawrence, Kansas 66045

Professor Agadjanian (PhD University of Southern California; Foundation Distinguished Professor) conducts research on various aspects of social and demographic change in developing and transitional settings. He has studied migration, sexual and reproductive behavior, gender, ethnicity, and religion. He has directed several large projects funded by the National Institutes of Health, United States Agency for International Development, and other agencies in sub-Saharan Africa and Central Eurasia (Russia, the Caucasus, and Central Asia). He has published in several languages in leading international scholarly outlets.


Ph.D., Sociology, University of Southern California

M.S., Sociology-Applied Demography, University of Southern California

B.A., African Studies and Swahili, Moscow State University


Thematic: Social demography; migration; sexual and reproductive health and behavior; religion

Geographic: Sub-Saharan Africa; Central Eurasia (Russia, Central Asia, and the Caucasus)

Selected Publications

Dodson, Z. M., Agadjanian, V. & Driessen, J. (2017). How to allocate limited healthcare resources: Lessons from the introduction of antiretroviral therapy in rural Mozambique. Applied Geography, 78, 45-54.

Agadjanian, V. Menjívar, C. & Zotova, N. (2017). Legality, racialization, and immigrants’ experience of harassment in Russia. Social Problems.

Chae, S. Hayford, S. R., & Agadjanian, V. (2016). Father's Labor Migration and Leaving the Parental Home in Rural Mozambique. Journal of Marriage and Family, 78(4), 1047-1062. DOI:10.1111/jomf.12295

Zakharov, S. V., Churilova, E. V., & Agadjanian, V. (2016). Fertility in higher-order marital unions in Russia: Does a new partnership allow for the realization of the two-child ideal? Demographic Review, 3(1), 35-51.

Agadjanian, V. & Hayford, S. R. (2016). HIV status, fertility intentions, and contraception in the era of expanded access to antiretroviral therapy: A case study of rural Mozambique. Global Public Health. DOI:10.1080/17441692.2016.1268188

Jilozian, A. & Agadjanian, V. (2016). Is induced abortion really on the decline in Armenia? Studies in Family Planning, 47(2), 163-178. DOI:10.1111/j.1728-4465.2016.00053.x

Yoo, S. H., Hayford, S. R., & Agadjanian, V. (2016). Old habits die hard? Lingering son preference in an era of normalizing sex ratios at birth in South Korea. Population Research and Policy Review, 36(1), 25-54. DOI:10.1007/s11113-016-9405-1

Agadjanian, V. Yao, J. & Hayford, S. R. (2016). Place, time, and experience: Barriers to universalization of institutional child delivery in rural Mozambique. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 42(1), 21-31.

Sevoyan, A. & Agadjanian, V. (2015). Men’s migration and employment of women left behind in rural Armenia. In . (Ed.), Gender Inequalities in the Labor Market: Challenges and Solutions in Local and Global Contexts (pp. 97-113). Yerevan, Armenia: Yerevan State University.

Agadjanian, V. Menjívar, C. & Sevoyan, A. (2015). The impact of male labor migration on women and households in rural Armenia. In A. Mkrtichyan (Ed.), Armenians around the World: Migration and Transnationality (pp. 203-218). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

Agadjanian, V. Hayford, S. R., Luz, L. & Yao, J. (2015). Bridging the client and provider perspectives: family planning access and utilization in rural Mozambique. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 130(S3), E47-E51. DOI:10.1016/j.ijgo.2015.03.019

Sevoyan, A. & Agadjanian, V. (2015). Male labor migration, spousal communication, and STI treatment in Armenia. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 17(3), 296-311. DOI:10.1080/13691058.2014.936042

Agadjanian, V. & Yabiku, S. T. (2015). Religious belonging, religious agency and women's autonomy in Mozambique. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 53(3), 461-476. DOI:10.1111/jssr.12210

Luz, L. & Agadjanian, V. (2015). Women's decision-making autonomy and children's schooling in rural Mozambique. Demographic Research, 32(25), 775-796.

Agadjanian, V. (2015). Women's religious authority in sub-Saharan Africa: Dialectics of empowerment and dependency. Gender & Society, 29(6), 982-1008. DOI:10.1177/0891243215602106

Nedoluzhko, L. & Agadjanian, V. (2015). Between tradition and modernity: Marriage dynamics in Kyrgyzstan. Demography, 52(3), 861-882.

Zotova, N. & Agadjanian, V. (2014). Female migration into Russia from Central Asian countries: Migrants researching migrants. In S. Hohmann, C. Mouradian, S. Serrano, & J. Torrez (Eds.), Development in Central Asia and the Caucasus. Migration, Democratization and Inequality in the Post-Soviet Era (pp. 242-263). London: I.B.Tauris.

Agadjanian, V. Gorina, E. & Menjívar, C. (2014). Economic incorporation, civil inclusion, and social ties: Plans to return home among Central Asian migrant women in Moscow, Russia. International Migration Review, 48(3), 577-603.

Agadjanian, V. & Sevoyan, A. (2014). Embedding or uprooting? The effects of international labor migration on rural households in Armenia. International Migration, 52(5), 29-46. DOI:10.1111/imig.12058

Agadjanian, V. & Yabiku, S. T. (2014). Religious affiliation and fertility in Mozambique: A dynamic analysis. Population Research and Policy Review, 33(5), 673-691. DOI:10.1007/s11113-013-9317-2

Agadjanian, V. & Zotova, N. (2014). Sexual risks of Central Asian migrant women in the context of the Russian HIV epidemic. Demographic Review, 2, 85-109.

Yao, J. Agadjanian, V. & Murray, A. (2014). Spatial and social inequities in HIV testing utilization in the context of rapid scale-up of HIV/AIDS services in rural Mozambique. Health & Place, 28, 133-141.

Agadjanian, V. Menjívar, C. & Cau, B. (2013). Economic uncertainties, social strains, and HIV risks: exploring the effects of male labor migration on rural women in Mozambique. In S. E. Eckstein & A. Najam (Eds.), How Immigrants Impact their Homelands (pp. 234-251). Duke University Press.

Zotova, N. & Agadjanian, V. (2013). Social vulnerability and sexual risks of migrants women from Central Asia in Moscow. In Z. Zaychonkovskaya (Ed.), Migration in Russia, 2000-2012: A Reader (Vol. 1). Spetskniga: Moscow.

Agadjanian, V. (2013). HIV/AIDS, migration, and gender in Sub-Saharan African. In . (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. Wiley.

Yao, J. Murray, A. & Agadjanian, V. (2013). A geographical perspective on access to sexual and reproductive health care for women in rural Mozambique. Social Science & Medicine, 96, 60-68. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.07.025

Sevoyan, A. & Agadjanian, V. (2013). Contraception and abortion in a low-fertility setting: the role of seasonal migration. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 39(3), 124-132. DOI:10.1363/3912413

Avogo, W. & Agadjanian, V. (2013). Coping with fears: Women's personal networks, migration, and HIV/AIDS in Mozambique. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(3), 892-912. DOI:10.3390/ijerph10030892

Agadjanian, V. Dommaraju, P. & Nedoluzhko, L. (2013). Economic fortunes, ethnic divides, and marriage and fertility in Central Asia: Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan compared. Journal of Population Research, 30(3), 197-211.

Cau, B. Sevoyan, A. & Agadjanian, V. (2013). Religious affiliation and under-five mortality in Mozambique. Journal of Biosocial Science, 45(3), 415-429.

Agadjanian, V. (2013). Religious denomination, religious involvement and contraceptive use in Mozambique. Studies in Family Planning, 44(3), 259-274. DOI:10.1111/j.1728-4465.2013.00357.x

Agadjanian, V. & Markosyan, K. (2013). Labor migration and STI/HIV Risks in Armenia: Assessing Prevention Needs and Designing Effective Interventions. Armenia: Caucasus Research Resource Center (CRRC).

Zotova, N. & Agadjanian, V. (2012). Female migration from Central Asia examined from the 'inside'. In E. Filippova (Ed.), Twenty Years Later (1991-2011). The Reshaping of Space and Identity (pp. 239-249). Moscow, Russia: Russian State University for Humanities.

Hayford, S. R., & Agadjanian, V. (2012). From desires to behavior: Moderating factors in a fertility transition. Demographic Research, 96, article 20: 511-542.

Yabiku, S. T., Agadjanian, V. & Cau, B. (2012). Labor migration and child mortality in Mozambique. Social Science & Medicine, 75(12), 2530-2539.

Hayford, S. R., Agadjanian, V. & Luz, L. (2012). Now or never: perceived HIV status and fertility intentions in rural Mozambique. Studies in Family Planning, 43(3), 191-199.

Agadjanian, V. & Zotova, N. (2012). Sampling and surveying hard-to-reach populations for demographic research: A study of female labor migrants in Moscow, Russia. Demographic Research, 26(5), 131-150.

Yao, J. Murray, A. T., Agadjanian, V. & Hayford, S. R. (2012). Spatial analysis of sexual and reproductive health service utilization in rural Mozambique. Applied Geography, 32(2), 601-607.

Zimovina, E. & Agadjanian, V. (2012). The system of migratory interaction between Kazakhstan and other countries of Central Asia in the post-Soviet period. Ethnographic Survey, 4, 108-125.

Agadjanian, V. (2012). Religious organizations and the fight against HIV/AIDS in Mozambique (J. Olivier & Q. Wodon). The Role of Faith-Inspired Health Care Providers in Sub-Saharan Africa and Public-Private Partnerships, vol. 2 The Comparative Nature of Faith-Inspired Health Care Provision in Sub-Saharan Africa, Chapter 9, 131-139. Washington DC: World Bank.

Zotova, N. & Agadjanian, V. (2011). Exploring sexual risks of Central Asian Female Migrants in Moscow. In International Conference 'The Caucasus and Central Asia: Twenty Years after Independence, 25-27 August 2011 (pp. 175-182). Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Agadjanian, V. & Dommaraju, P. (2011). Culture, Modernization, and Politics: Ethnic Differences in Union Formation in Kyrgyzstan. European Journal of Population , 27(1), 79-101.

Agadjanian, V. & Menjívar, C. (2011). Fighting down the scourge, building up the church: Organization constraints in religious involvement with HIV/AIDS in Mozambique. Global Public Health, S148-S162.

Agadjanian, V. Arnaldo, C. & Cau, B. (2011). Health costs of wealth gains: Labor migration and perceptions of HIV/AIDS risks in Mozambique. Demography, 89(4), 1097-1118.

Yabiku, S. T., Agadjanian, V. & Sevoyan, A. (2011). Husbands' labor migration and wives' autonomy. Population Studies, 64(3), 293-306.

Agadjanian, V. Yabiku, S. T., & Cau, B. (2011). Men's migration and women's fertility in rural Mozambique. Demography, 43(3), 1029-1048.

Agadjanian, V. & Zotova, N. (2011). Social Vulnerability and Sexual Risks of Female Migrants from Central Asia in Moscow. Demoscope Weekly, n.465-466.

Hayford, S. R., & Agadjanian, V. (2011). Uncertain plans in uncertain times: Non-numeric fertility preferences in rural Mozambique. African Population Studies, 25(2), 419-439.

Avogo, W. A., & Agadjanian, V. (2010). Forced migration and child health and mortality in Angola. Social Science & Medicine, 70(1), 53-60.

Sevoyan, A. & Agadjanian, V. (2010). Male migration, women left behind, and sexually transmitted diseases in Armenia. International Migration Review, 44(2), 354-375.

Nedoluzhko, L. & Agadjanian, V. (2010). Marriage, childbearing, and migration in Kyrgyzstan: Exploring interdependencies. Demographic Research, 22(7), 159-188.

Hayford, S. R., & Agadjanian, V. (2010). Providers' views concerning family planning service delivery to HIV+ women in Mozambique. Studies in Family Planning , 41(4), 291-300.

Agadjanian, V. Yabiku, S. & Fawcett, L. (2009). History, community milieu, and Christian-Muslim differentials in contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 48(3), 462-79.

Dommaraju, P. & Agadjanian, V. (2009). India's North-South divide and theories of fertility change. Journal of Population Research, 26(3), 249-272.

Agadjanian, V. & Hayford, S. R. (2009). PMTCT, HAART, and Childbearing in Mozambique: An Institutional Perspective. AIDS & Behavior, 13 (Suppl 1), 103-112.

Agadjanian, V. (2009). Demography of Kazakhstan's Muslims. Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life.

Avogo, W. & Agadjanian, V. (2008). Childbearing in crisis: War, migration and fertility in Angola. International Migration, 40(5), 725-742.

Agadjanian, V. Nedoluzhko, L. & Kumskov, G. (2008). Eager to leave? Intentions to migrate abroad among young people in Kyrgyzstan. International Migration Review, 42(3), 620-651.

Agadjanian, V. & Avogo, W. (2008). Forced migration and HIV/AIDS risks in Angola. International Migration, 46(3), 189-216.

Avogo, W. & Agadjanian, V. (2008). Men's social networks and contraception in Ghana. Journal of Biosocial Science, 40(3), 413-429.

Dommaraju, P. & Agadjanian, V. (2008). Nuptiality in Soviety and post-Soviety Central Asia. Asian Population Studies, 4(2), 195-213.

Agadjanian, V. Dommaraju, P. & Glick, J. E. (2008). Reproduction in upheaval: Crisis, ethnicity, and fertility in Kazakhstan. Population Studies, 62(2), 211-233.

Agadjanian, V. (2008). Research on international migration in sub-Saharan Africa: Foci, approaches, and challenges. The Sociological Quarterly, 49(3), 407-421.

Agadjanian, V. & Menjívar, C. (2008). Talking about the 'Epidemic of the Millennium': Religion, informal communication, and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Social Problems, 55(3), 301-321.

Dommaraju, P. Agadjanian, V. & Yabiku, S. T. (2008). The pervasive and persistent influence of caste on child mortality in Indian. Population Research and Policy Review, 27(4), 477-495.

Agadjanian, V. & Hayford, S. R. (2008). Accelerated Child Survival and Development in Bié, Cunene, Huíla, Luanda, and Moxico Provinces of Angola: Main Results of the Baseline Survey. Luanda, Angola: UNICEF-Ministry of Health of Angola.

Hayford, S. R., & Agadjanian, V. (2008). Nutrition Survey of Angola, 2007: Final Report. Luanda, Angola: UNICEF-Ministry of Health of Angola.

Menjívar, C. & Agadjanian, V. (2007). Men's migration and women's lives: Views from rural Armenia and Guatemala. Social Science Quarterly, 88(5), 1243-1262.

Agadjanian, V. & Sen, S. (2007). Promises and challenges of faith-based AIDS care and support in Mozambique. American Journal of Public Health, 97(2), 362-366.

Agadjanian, V. (2006). Religious organizations and HIV prevention in Mozambique. Exchange on HIV/AIDS, Sexuality and Gender, 2, 14-15.

Grineski, S. E., Bolin, B. & Agadjanian, V. (2006). Tuberculosis and urban growth: Class, race, and disease in early Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Health and Place, 12(4), 603-616.

Agadjanian, V. Kumskov, G. & Medoluzhko, L. (2006). Marriage, Fertility, and Migration in Kyrgyzstan. Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan: United National Fund for Population Activities.

Agadjanian, V. (2005). Fraught with ambivalence: Reproductive intentions and contraceptive choices in a sub-Saharan fertility transition. Population Research and Policy Review, 24(6), 617-645.

Agadjanian, V. (2005). Gender, religious involvement, and HIV/AIDS prevention in Mozambique. Social Science & Medicine, 61(7), 1529-1539.

Agadjanian, V. & Liew, H. P. (2005). The effect of preferential policies on ethnic inequities in educational attainment in Malaysia. Race, Ethnicity & Education, 8(2), 213-230.

Agadjanian, V. & Prata, N. (2004). The United Nations Population Bulletin, Special Issue, No. 46-47. Trends in Angola's fertility. Prospects for Fertility Decline in High Fertility Countries.

Agadjanian, V. & Makarova, E. (2003). From Soviet modernization to post-Soviet transformation: Understanding marriage and fertility dynamics in Uzbekistan. Development and Change, 34(3), 447-473.

Agadjanian, V. (2002). Informal social networks and epidemic prevention in a third world context: Cholera and HIV/AIDS compared. In J. A. Levy & B. A. Pescosolido (Eds.), Advances In Medical Sociology, Volume 8 (Social Networks and Health) (pp. 201-221). JAI-Elsevier Science.

Agadjanian, V. (2002). Adolescents' views on childbearing, contraception, and abortion in two post-communist societies. Journal of Youth Studies, 5(4), 391-406.

Agadjanian, V. & Prata, N. (2002). Civil war and child health: Regional and ethnic dimensions of child malnutrition and immunization in Angola. Social Science & Medicine, 56(12), 2515-2537.

Agadjanian, V. (2002). Competition and cooperation among working women in the context of structural adjustment: The case of street vendors in La Paz-El Alto, Bolivia. Journal of Developing Societies, 18(3), 259-285.

Agadjanian, V. (2002). Is 'abortion culture' fading in the former Soviet Union? Views about abortion and contraception in Kazkhstan. Studies in Family Planning, 33(3), 237-48.

Agadjanian, V. (2002). Men doing 'women's work': Masculinity and gender relations among street vendors in Maputo. Journal of Men's Studies, 10(3), 329-342.

Agadjanian, V. (2002). Men's talk about 'women's matters': Gender, communication, and contraception in Mozambique. Gender & Society, 16(2), 194-215.

Agadjanian, V. & Prata, N. (2002). War, peace and fertility in Angola. Demography, 39(2), 215-231.

Agadjanian, V. (2001). Negotiating through reproductive change: Gendered social interaction and fertility change in Mozambique. Journal of Southern African Studies, 27(2), 292-309.

Agadjanian, V. (2001). Religion, social milieu, and the contraceptive revolution. Population Studies, 55(2), 135-148.

Agadjanian, V. & Prata, N. (2001). War and reproduction: Angola's fertility in comparative perspective. Journal of Southern African Studies, 27(2), 427-441.

Agadjanian, V. & Chika Ezeh, A. (2000). Polygyny, gender relations, and reproduction in Ghana. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 31(4), 427-441.

Agadjanian, V. (2000). Women's work and fertility in a sub-Saharan urban setting: A social environment approach. Journal of Biosocial Science, 32(1), 17-35.

Agadjanian, V. (1999). Zionist churches in the urban sociocultural space of Mozambique in the 1980s and 1990s. In . (Ed.), Lusotopie: Enjeux Comtemporains dans les Espaces Lusophones (pp. 415-423). Paris: Karthala.

Agadjanian, V. (1999). Post-Soviet demographic paradoxes: Ethnic differences in marriage and fertility in Kazakhstan. Sociological Forum, 14(3), 425-46.

Agadjanian, V. (1998). 'Quasi-legal' abortion services in sub-Saharan setting: Users' profile and motivations. International Family Planning Perspectives, 24(3), 111-16.

Agadjanian, V. (1998). Economic security, informational resources, and women's reproductive choices in urban Mozambique. Social Biology, 45(1-2), 60-79.

Agadjanian, V. (1998). Trapped on the margins: Social characteristics, economic conditions, and reproductive behavior of internally displaced women in urban Mozambique. Journal of Refugee Studies, 11(3), 284-303.

Agadjanian, V. (1998). Women's choice between indigenous and western contraception in urban Mozambique. Women and Health, 28(2), 1-17.

Agadjanian, V. (1997). Ethnocultural identity and induced abortion in Kazakstan. Studies in Family Planning, 28(4), 317-329.

Peabody, J. Agadjanian, V. Carter, G. & Mann, J. (1995). Advancing Health Care Reform in Ecuador: Analysis of Current Options (RAND Series). Santa Monica, CA.

Heer, D. Agadjanian, V. Hammad, F. Qiu, Y. & Ramasundaram, S. (1992). A comparative analysis of the position of undocumented Mexicans in the Los Angeles County work force in 1980. International Migration, 30(2), 101-126.

Agadjanian, V. (1991). The Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict: Sociodemographic aspects. In . (Ed.), Ethnic Conflicts in the U.S.S.R.: Causes, Specificity, and Problems of Study (pp. 4-14). Moscow: Institute of Ethnology.

Agadjanian, V. (1989). Articles on peoples of Angola and Mozambique. In . (Ed.), Peoples of the World. Moscow.

Agadjanian, V. (1986). Ethnosocial processes in an Angolan town. Sovetskaya Etnografia, 1, 109-115.

Expert instruction in Arabic, Kiswahili, and Wolof at the beginning and intermediate levels will be offered over eight weeks in June-July 2018.

Foreign Language & Area Studies Fellowships

The Kansas African Studies Center has received $140,000 in funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities to launch public discussions, community programming, and the creation of educational resources in local communities to discuss the challenges and opportunities surrounding recent demographic changes in the region. Visit to learn more. 

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